Transgender People in Australia and New Zealand: Health, Well-being and Access to Health Services

Submitted by Sunil Patel on Tuesday, 24 November 2009 - 3:24am.

This research had its beginnings in an act of trans activism, including a campaign by a
number of trans organizations advocating the need for research dealing with health, wellbeing and access to health services in relation to this population. This study set out to recruit the broadest possible community sample by using a range of recruitment techniques
and an online survey. In total, 253 respondents completed the survey. Of these, 229 were from Australia (90.5%) and 24 (9.5%) were from New Zealand. Respondents rated their health on a five-point scale; the majority of the sample rated their health as ‘good’ or ‘very
good’. On the SF36 scale, respondents had poorer health ratings than the general population in Australia and New Zealand. Respondents reported rates of depression much higher than those found in the general Australian population, with assigned males being twice
as likely to experience depression as assigned females. Respondents who had experienced greater discrimination were more likely to report being currently depressed. Respondents were asked about their best and worst experiences with a health practitioner or health
service in relation to being trans. They contrasted encounters where they felt accepted and
supported by their practitioners with others where they were met with hostility.

Key Words: depression, health service use, self-reported health, recognition, trans

Format: Journal article
Year of publication: 2009